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Precaution against cervical cancer

Article of the month July

Precaution against cervical cancer

dr sharda jain
Dr. Indu Tyagi

Cervical cancer, caused by human papilloma virus infection, is a silent killer as most HPV infection cause no discernable symptoms in earliest and most treatable stages

The most common cancer amongst Indian women, cervical cancer silently carries on taking lives about 8 women every hour. Cervical cancer is caused due to a virus called HPV (human papilloma virus infection) which is usually sexually transmitted. Unfortunately, most HPV infection cause on symptoms in its earliest and most treatable stages. Therefore, people may not know they have been infected. However since being careful always help, one needs to watch out for:

  • Persistent vaginal discharge
  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding, especially between menstrual period, after intercourse and after menopause
  • Loss of appetite, weight loss, fatigue
  • Pelvic, back or leg pain
  • Leaking of urine or stool from the vagina
  • Bone fracture

Protection is better then cure let work toward adopting this simple mantra:

Visit a gynaecologist and get a pap smear :

Pap smear is a screening test used in gyneacology to see if a women's cervix is healthy or not. The test looks for early changes in the cells of the cervix. Alternatively, one can also choose to undergo visual inspection of cervix with acetic acid or lugol's iodine or get a HPV - DNA test done.

Quit smoking :

women who smoke are about twice as likely to develop cervical cancer as women who do not.

Practice protected sex :

if you are sexually active, use a condom. Having unprotected sex puts you at risk of contracting HPV.

Adopt a healthy lifestyle :

healthy eating choices can make all the difference between getting and not getting cancer.

Take the HPV vaccination :

if you are under 45, you may be eligible to receive the HPV vaccine. The vaccines are most effective when given to young women before they become sexually active.However vaccine is recommended world every for women who do not have high risk sexual behavior under 45-46 years.